Mythological and sacred in antiquity, mountain Psiloritis or Ida is the highest mountain of Crete (2 456 m) and one of the highest mountains of Greece. In addition to its rich forests, Ida - "the rich in springs" - according to Homer was rich in water. Herodotus refers to a "high places and covered by forests", which points to the dense vegetation of the mountain, while Pharaoh Thutmose (1501-1477 BC) supplied timber from the forests of Crete for shipbuilding, which confirms the state of the vegetation mentioned by Herodotus. The remaining vegetation today is the forests of Rouvas and Trigiodo, Vorizia Gorge etc.
while the lower mountainsides are rich in maples, oaks, cypresses, strawberry trees, schinus etc.
The scenery of the region is one of the richest in Crete with a diversity of landscapes, forming a multitude of natural formations such as small canyons, mountain valleys and mountain ranges in the north. To the south, the main mountain range Psiloritis is formed around the Nida plateau.